A DJ delves into the history of DJ-ing and how equipment has changed over the years


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party-in-historyToday, when someone refers to a DJ they might just be talking about a hired gun that comes to parties and get-togethers to run sound and spin some music, not actually performing as a turntablist.  Such terms didn’t even exist prior to 1995, when DJ Babu officially coined it to differentiate between performers and event hosts.  Yeah, in the hands of a master, a turntable becomes a real musical instrument, loops and strange samples all coinciding with scratches and more – basically whatever the DJ has in their bag of tricks.  But before we start talking about all of that stuff,, let’s dive into a bit of the history first.

A brief history of real DJ-ing

Basically, a number of factors aligned which would later give rise to the possibility of certain equipment like DJ Controllers and techniques landing into the hands of key experimenters.  For one, the rise of disco had to occur in order to popularize many of the most popular types of mixers, etc.  Had this not occurred, a number of elements would be missing, thus not allowing latter DJ’s to begin doing things like “beat matching” or “beat mixing”.  Because of the need to try to keep the action flowing on the dance floors, DJ’s would wear headphones and covertly match bpm tempos to mark smooth transitions.  Naturally, this led to the emergence of special dual play turntables which would later become extremely popular with turntablists, obviously.

Then along comes this cat named DJ Kool Herc, who basically created the looping breaks stuff, thus allowing for specific and fresh types of beat construction.  As one might have expected, this in turn began to catch on, basically forming the technical roots of hip hop which in turn influenced major artists like Grandmaster Flash.  Then came scratching – apparently discovered by accident by the Grand Wizard Theodore.    From there on in, the rest is history.  Electronic music was entering the fray and integrating with street sounds in various ways, all of this led to form what we consider to be modern DJ-ing.

How DJ equipment has changed over the years and more

Well, the most obvious change has been one going from virtually all analog over to all digital.  In the past you only had a vinyl record setup to choose from – that was it.  There were no CD-based turntables, ya dig?  This also meant that a the serious DJ not only had to get their techniques down cold, but that they also had to make regular trips to the record store to stock up and stay fresh.  Basically, there used to be more of an investment mindset to being a turntablist.  Of course, nowadays, you can grab tracks straight off the net (completely legally) and/or pick up all the hottest CD pressings for literally pennies on the dollar, that is, if you’re still using CD’s.  Even a basic, bottom shelf DJ controller unit today utilizes jog wheels, trigger pads, auto tempo matching and built in effects to control sounds digitally.  Rather than lugging around boxes or LP’s, you can bring a tight, compact, feature-packed setup to a gig and pull of hundreds of techniques on the fly while accessing hundreds of thousands of tunes and cues without breaking a sweat.  It’s basically a brave new world…

Gu Kailai To Be Represented By State Appointed Financial Lawyer In Murder Trial


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courtroomThe woman on trial for the murder of British businessman Neil Heywood has been appointed a lawyer that specializes in finance and has little experience in criminal law. This latest development is sure to spark more controversy in a trial that is seen as one of the most politically sensitive in decades. Many Chinese people believe the case is part of a campaign to discredit her husband, Bo Xilai, a popular politician who has made powerful enemies. The fact she is being represented by a financial lawyer rather than a criminal lawyer means she is now almost certain to be convicted.

She stands accused of poisoning Heywood over a financial dispute, though initial allegations suggested a more personal motive. Heywood may have made threats against her son Bo Guagua, which could have an influence in the trial and severity of Gu’s sentence. The trial is expected to last just a few weeks and may be followed by convictions against Bo Xilai for corruption and abuse of power.

Gu is herself a lawyer but has been denied the use of her own family lawyer despite calls from the British government for the trial to handled fairly. Gu could be sentenced to the death penalty for the crime though it is more likely that she will be face a lengthy term in prison. It is expected to be a closed trial with some British diplomats present. Whilst it is not yet determined if any of Gu’s family will be allowed to attend the trial, even her own mother Fan Xiucheng.

Whatever the outcome, this trial is sure to be a huge talking point, and the controversy about the whole scenario will surely continue. Gu’s family will keep fighting but they know that as things stand, Gu is unlikely to receive a transparent trial.

Image(s): FreeDigitalPhotos.net

Categories: Law

Mystery Skin Condition Causes Woman To Grows Nails Instead Of Hair


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doctorDoctors are completely baffled by an extremely rare skin condition that is causing 28 year old Shanya A. Isom to grow nails in her follicles instead of hair. The criminal justice student was in her first year of university when her ordeal started, and her family has racked up medical bills totalling an eye watering $250,000 in attempts to cure her illness. This is because her state insurance plan does not cover her for the care she receives from a special unit in Baltimore.

Her nightmare started in 2009 when she had an asthma attack and was treated with steroids. This medication caused her to have an allergic reaction and develop bumps and scabs on her body. She has since struggled to walk and carry out many tasks that once seemed trivial. It was almost two years later that doctors realised that the bumps were actually human nails growing from her skin. Any place where hair once grew now has nails growing.

The treatment she has received since being afflicted with this illness has helped improve her quality of life slightly but doctors are a long way off establishing what is causing her problems. She is currently the only known person to suffer from this in the world. Shanya has since set up the S.A.I. Foundation in order to help cover the medical bills and even help anyone else who may suffer from this condition in the future. She feels that going through this will be worth it if she can help others in the future.

Image(s): FreeDigitalPhotos.net

London’s Public Transport System, More Than Ready For The Olympics


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london busThe London 2012 Olympic Games bring many things to mind, such as who will be the fastest man alive and are we going to win the gold? What rarely crosses the thoughts of most however is the transport system, particularly the public transport system offered by the city. With over 200, 000 people visiting Olympic Park on Friday August 3rd alone, public transit plays a crucial role in ensuring that there is a smooth and orderly flow of people to the events.

London has a number of bus, rail, air and tram networks as well as a cycle for hire program that provide service both within the city and to destinations beyond. For the Olympic Games however most transit users will be making use of the bus systems and the world famous London Underground. In fact within the first week of the games the Underground broke records for the number of people using its services. Not only had the record been broken but it was broken three times in a row in that first week. On Wednesday the number of passengers hit 4.25 million setting a new record, but that was not to last long as on Thursday 4.31 million people made use of the Underground. Stunningly however on Friday there were 4.4 million passengers using the Underground smashing the records set the day before and the day before that.

The Underground was not the only service breaking records however as both the Docklands Light Railway (DLR) and the cycle for hire program both saw spikes in usage. The DLR is an automated rail system serving the Docklands area of eastern London. On Friday the 3rd the DLR transported more than 500, 000 people, a 70 percent increase in the use of its services. The Barclays Cycle Hire Scheme offers people, for a small fee, access to a network of 8, 000 bicycles and 570 docking stations throughout the city. This economical and green form of transportation also experienced a record number of users, 47, 000 to be exact. This was the highest amount of people using the program since it began two years ago.
Despite these record numbers of passengers however the system is aging and as such is not always reliable, featuring a number of incidents leading up to and during the games. While thousands of volunteers were preparing for the opening ceremony of the games two trains servicing Olympic Park went down for a brief period of time. There were severe delays as well during the first week of the games, due to a signal failure on the line connecting the center of the city to Olympic Park. This delay spread to other lines as passengers sought other routes to the venue.

In spite these hiccups in the service on the whole London’s fleet of busses, trains, and bicycles have been offering exemplary services to the record number of passengers who have flooded the city. Patrons who have come to London to experience the Olympics are for the most part smoothly transported to and from the games on a variety of systems of transport, with little or no delay.

Article by Victor Shields of Toddler Bike Helmet here and 150cc Scooter here

Image(s): FreeDigitalPhotos.net

High HCA Garcinia and Weight Loss


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2Garcinia is a nutritional supplement taken for losing pounds fast. This diet discovery assists most people in dropping undesirable body fat through several differing effects on your body. The extract has been demonstrated in clinical trials to lower cravings, however it will do a lot more than achieving that. The wonder diet supplement prevents the digestion of carbs from being converted to fat. The dual action characteristic of pure garcinia extract is the reason of why many users are losing weight.

Now we shall describe a way of getting rid of body fat by taking garcinia extract. Your stomach has a hormone which instigates being in hunger. This digestive hormone is known as serotonin and is manufactured in the stomach whenever something to eat has been digested. A small amount of this hormone causes being in hunger. Pure garcinia extract contains a chemical named HCA, which causes the body to secrete serotonin. That minimizes your hunger and small portions.

Another reason that it makes you shed unwanted pounds is by hindering the absorption of carbs. Several famous diet plans are formed around stopping carbohydrates from being eaten. However, garcinia cambogia will block carbohydrates from digestion. The combined work of each of these qualities are what makes for substantial weight loss.

People’s reviews of garcinia present substantial loss of extra weight. Pictures of differences of before and after are awe inspiring. This day is the opportunity to get started losing pounds.

Dr. Oz is an influential TV doctor. It is because he is a doctor that many dieters have paid attention to garcinia cambogia. It was he who initially promoted the positive effects of garcinia cambogia. Dr. Oz has said on his show that by using a proper eating program and by exercising, a person could lose four pounds a month by taking garcinia cambogia. Get started using garcinia cambogia today for weight loss, you can buy here http://www.garciniacambogia.com.au/.

Buyers guide to a new Laptop Bag


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samsonite-luggage-vizair-laptop-bagIf you have an expensive laptop then you will know that one of the most important accessories for it is a laptop bag or case. These items not only protect your investment but are also very useful for carrying around your other gadgets, chargers and even papers. Some can even be somewhat of a fashion statement due to their trendy design, though if you are a business person then it is best to stick to smart and sleek designs. Follow on with our guide and we will help you find the best laptop bag to meet your needs.

In order to choose the best bag for you, you must take into account the different specifications and features of the bags, as there are so many out there to choose from. For example some laptop bags have a feature that allows you to go through airport security without taking your laptop out, this is a great benefit for frequent travelers. If you are a student then you should look for one with a large enough main compartment to carry all of your books and notepads, sometimes the best way to do this is to visit a shop first to try out some models.

Of course you can check the bag’s dimensions online but that isn’t always the most helpful because it doesn’t guarantee you can fit your items in based on the bag’s design. Though you will find that through a bit of research you can check which size laptop is supported, something which is very important to make sure it fits your machine. Also if you have other gadgets such as an iPad or tablet PC then it may be a good idea to find a bag which has a special compartment for these devices. Another useful feature is things like a crush-proof compartment for fragile items like sunglasses as well as smaller pockets to store things like mobile phones or MP3 players.

How to Choose a Style

In terms of the different styles and designs there are many to choose from, including traditional shoulder bags, messenger bags, backpacks and even rolling bags. Each of these have their advantages and disadvantages, and it is down to user preference and needs to make a decision.

For example laptop sleeves are very basic but useful if you want to carry your laptop in a normal bag that lacks the padding. These can be good because there are many different sizes available, normally designed specifically for your laptop, meaning you can always get a snug fit. This is in contrast to laptop backpacks where they have to try and accommodate many different sizes.

The other style are shoulder / briefcase bags which are more traditional and still useful especially for professional environments where you don’t want to look like an 11 year old on their way to school carrying a backpack.

The next and more modern bag is a laptop backpack, these are more casual  but tend to be full of features and storage space. They are particularly good for students, travelers and the professional who has to carry a lot of gadgets and papers with them. They are also more comfortable to wear if you have a bulky, heavy laptop and lots of other items as the shoulder straps will distribute the weight evenly rather than just on one shoulder. In recent years these bags have become very popular so in order to find the best laptop backpack it is important to read plenty of laptop backpack reviews first.

The final type are the rolling laptop bags which go even further and completely take the weight off your shoulders. They tend to be bulkier and have more storage space than the other bags which is why they have the wheels.

Overall I hope this guide helps you make your choice, there are so many options out there and it is very important to consider your needs and do plenty of research before making a purchase.


My LifeSpan Fitness RW1000 Rowing Machine Review


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LifeSpan Fitness RW1000 Rowing MachineI bought the LifeSpan Fitness RW1000 with high hopes but ended up being slightly disappointed by this rowing machine. As most people do, I spent a lot of time browsing the internet for reviews and comparing the features. I actually recommend this website for the best rowing machine reviews as they tend to be the least biased and quite thorough.

My situation was that I wanted a pretty decent rower but couldn’t quite afford the most highly rated ones made by Concept2. So after looking at the RW1000 and others in my price range like the Kettler Favorit, I ended up going for the LifeSpan.


It was incredibly easy to put this machine together, I was up and running with it in under 30 minutes. The main frame is already assembled out of the box which really helps speed things up. All that had to be done was to attach the seat and bars etc. There are many different resistance settings which is good as it means people of all different strengths can use it comfortably. Probably the best part of the machine is how the seat and bar fold up nicely for storage, which is great for those like me who have limited space.


The performance monitor does not work for me, it is meant to display the strokes per minute, timer and calories burned. However mine just doesn’t function, the display shows information when I start rowing but only the timer, everything else doesn’t display any data. Even the timer is quite erratic and seems to get stuck sometimes. It’s not a massive issue because I can still get a good workout but it is quite annoying.

Another problem is that if I really get into it and row fast and with a lot of force the front of the machine can lift off the ground. I don’t even weigh that much so I can’t imagine what would happen with a bigger and stronger person. In the end I actually had to put some heavy weights on top of the front feet to stop it from trying to take off!

After using it for a few weeks it started to make squealing noises, again this isn’t a huge problem but it can be pretty distracting when you are trying to concentrate. Sometimes it’s nice to have a relaxing quiet workout and right now this isn’t possible. It also means I can’t watch TV or listen to the radio because I won’t be able to hear it above the noise.


Overall this is a pretty decent machine and for the money it will give you an effective workout. It is better than a treadmill or other exercise machines but don’t expect it to be of the standard of the high end machines you find in the gym. Before making a purchase of a rowing machine I recommend reading lots of reviews and deciding whether it would be worth your while to splash the cash on something like the Concept 2 Model D. It’s your choice and I wish you luck.


Lexmark To Stop Making Inkjet Printers By 2013


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printerUS printer company Lexmark has announced it will cease production of inkjet printers by 2013. This will involve the closure of its factory in Cebu, Philippines by 2015 and will result in the loss of 1700 jobs.

Lexmark expects this change will help save $95million per year, a move made after seeing profits fall by 61% for the April to June quarter when compared to the previous year. Profits were just $39.2million this year.

The company also plans to raise additional cash by selling some of the 1,000 inkjet patents that it owns. Lexmark plans to continue selling laser printers as well as a new focus on imaging software and document management services.

The announcement comes as no surprise as the market for inkjet printers has been on the decline with the rise of social media sites where people share photos digitally rather than print them. The shrinking market is now dominated by big firms such as HP and Epson.

Shares of the company rose 15% after the news; this is despite Lexmark warning it will have to finance $160million in order to complete the restructuring.

This isn’t the first time Lexmark has announced the loss of jobs, back in January 625 workers were laid off from their consumer inks divison.

Image(s): FreeDigitalPhotos.net

Diabetes Rates in Scotland Continue to Soar


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scottish flagNearly a quarter of a million people in Scotland now suffer from diabetes according to the latest statistics from a diabetes survey. The amount of new people being diagnosed with the condition each year is now around 10,000. This brings the total to around 5% of the population.

The vast majority of these diabetic sufferers have type 2 diabetes; this is normally caused by poor diet and bad lifestyle choices. It is more common in elderly patients but recently more and more young people have also been diagnosed with the condition.

The Chief Medical Officer, Sir Harry Burns has put the increase down to an ageing population and unhealthy lifestyle factors including obesity. He believes the key to tackling this problem is to stop smoking, to eat healthy food and to exercise.

Diabetes occurs when a person’s blood sugar levels are too high and if left untreated can lead to many different health problems including damage to the nerves and organs. Damage to the nerves is called diabetic neuropathy.

The good news is that type 2 diabetes is something which can be treated and prevented naturally through good lifestyle choices. People can keep their blood sugar levels down by consuming less sugar and refined carbohydrates. In addition intensive exercise also helps reduce to bring levels back to normal.

Image(s): FreeDigitalPhotos.net

Tapping into the Immense Benefits of Fashion Shows and Exhibitions


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fashion showOver the years the fashion industry has evolved in several ways and there have been tremendous changes even in cultures that had predominantly preserved their way of life including their mode of dressing. One of the trends that has been growing in the recent past is the rise of fashion shows and exhibitions to showcase or market various clothing designs for both men and women. In many cities around the world, there are fashion shows that showcase a particular theme almost every fortnight or at least every month. Every culture or society tends to formulate their own way of going around the fashion issue.

These fashion exhibitions usually bring together participants and industry stakeholders from different parts of the world, normally adorning expensive jewellery and rings. According to studies from various fashion-related scholarly quarters, these exhibitions and shows serve the fundamental purpose of brand promotion which, in effect, leads to the establishment of good reputation and strong clientele bases. In the fashion industry, different brand strategies are adopted based on a company’s aims, goals and objectives.

Over the recent times, brand management has been increasingly done by fashion companies based on the ever escalating number of fashion houses. As a result, some companies have grown to become respectable brand names while weak brands spiral downwards in the market. For example, in women’s clothes, fashion houses like Prada, Gucci, Louis Vuitton, Calvin Klein and Hugo Boss are some of the most respected brand names.

Some of the advantages of fashion exhibitions and shows include helping buyers to effortlessly recognize a given fashion product or service. They also help fashion houses to spread their market share since the majority of the people who attend these exhibitions always buy the fashion products on sale. Through the shows, fashion companies are able to get marketing responses and outcomes, commonly known as brand equity. Individuals or small and medium-sized fashion companies can also get sponsors in these exhibitions thus helping them to better their products and services.

In conclusion, it is worth noting fashion brands are different from consumer brands in some aspects. For example, most buyers looking for women’s clothes often want to be identified with the product they buy and that is the reason most people tend to go for clothes and shoes from fashion houses with good brand names. On the other hand, consumers may go for products mostly based on their cost-effectiveness and overall efficacy rather than upholding the aspect of a good brand name.

Image(s): FreeDigitalPhotos.net